Book Introduction to Fall Armyworm

Armyworm Fall (FAW) or armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda J.E. Smith) is an insect native to the tropics from the United States to Argentina. FAW larvae can attack more than 80 species of plants, including corn, rice, sorghum, millet, sugar cane, vegetables, and cotton. FAW can result in significant loss of results if not handled properly. This pest has several generations per year, the moth can fly up to 100 km in one night.

In early 2016, this pest was found for the first time in Central and Western Africa (Benin, Nigeria, Sao Tome and Principe, and Togo). It is then found throughout the southern African mainland (except Lesotho), also in Madagascar and the Seychelles (Archipelago). Subsequently reported in 2018, FAW was identified and reportedly attacked in almost all Sub-Saharan African countries, except Djibouti, Eritrea and Lesotho. The pest has also been identified in Sudan, so Egypt and Libya are worried about the pest attack. FAW is predicted to spread more widely throughout the world. This pest is a cross-border destructive pest that will continue to spread because it has unique biological characteristics. Besides that, it is also supported by the high volume of trade goods exchanges between countries. Nonci and Hishar (March 2019) reported that in Indonesia precisely in West Pasaman District, West Sumatra, FAW had been found to be damaging to maize plants with a severe attack rate, larval populations between 2-10 plants. In Lampung, these pests have also been reported on corn plants. FAW larvae can damage almost all parts of corn plants (roots, leaves, male flowers, female flowers and cob). In their home country, the life cycle of this pest during the summer is 30 days, but reaches 60 days in spring and 80-90 days in the fall.

Based on the above, FAW pests need to be known and thought of as effective, efficient, inexpensive, and easy to do and control the environment. This guidebook provides information about the introduction and control of FAW on corn commodities as the main host of FAW.

Download :  BukuSakupenangananHamaFAW.pdf

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