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Controlling Pests Pesticides Vegetable Rice with

Botanical pesticides are pesticides whose active ingredient comes from a plant or plants and / or other organic materials are efficacious control of pests and diseases in plants. These pesticides do not leave harmful residues on crops or the environment and can be made easily using inexpensive materials and simple equipment.

Chemicals that can kill insects obtained from extracts of plants such as tobacco, tuba root is an ingredient that has been known since long as insect killer. Pests that attack rice plants are renowned stem borer and leafhoppers.

For example, plant-based pesticides to control disease crackle with biological agents in the form of Coryne bacterium. Coryne bacterium can be developed by boiling the potatoes as much as 20 liters of water plus sugar and decomposer Bsa. Bacteria "Coryne bacterium" can fight "Xanthomonas campestris pv oryzae" (disease-causing bacteria crackle). Bacteria Coryne have the nature of "pathogens", can suppress the attack and reduce the damage of more than 80%. To crush the stem borer that is needed is Tryclogramma spp bacteria (parasitoid biological agents). And for fungal growth in disposable bacteria Trychoderma sp.

The use of botanical pesticides are not harmful to the survival of natural enemies. So as to suppress pest populations planthopper chocolate bars, all kinds of spiders and predatory beetles kept alive to maintain the balance of populations and ecosystems.

Botanical pesticides are used to control the green leafhopper (insecticide vegetable) derived from several types of plants, for example neem, sambilata (Mariappan and Saxena, 1983; Widiarta et al., 1997). And bitter neem plant has an effective working power, economical, safe, readily available and environmentally friendly. Toxic substances contained in the neem plant useful as insecticides, repellent, acaricides, growth inhibitors, neumatisida, fungicides, and anti-virus. Toxins such as a stomach poison and systemic. Neem has anti insect with azadirachtin as a component of the most patents.

Application of pesticides in the field can suppress pest populations will reduce the speed of the spread of the virus.

The main principle in tungro disease control is made to avoid plant disease attack of the disease. Average tungro disease at the time of the stadia susceptible rice plants (vegetative phase) against diseases of the disease. Spraying pesticides can press the green leafhopper population which means it can reduce the spread of the virus.
Kekahawatiran the negative impacts of pesticide use menyebaban inorganic pesticide plant began to demand by farmers, given the high price of chemical pesticides. In addition, the go-organic movement that continues to attract farmers echoed.

Pesticide plant is the best solution to eradicate the pests easily and cheaply. In addition to its low cost, natural pesticides are also safe for the safety of the environment (ecosystem)

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