Land Ownership, Farm Management and Priority for The Target of Technology Transfer

Research on the status of land ownership and farm management of wetland rice farming was carried out in six districts of rice producing areas, two districts in each of the three provinces in Java, namely West Java, Central Java, and East Java in 2009. Typical land holding for rice farmers in each district is very small, 0.3 ha, except in Karawang and Subang, West Java, land holding is one ha per farmer, or larger. The tendency for farmers having less than one ha of land in Karawang and Subang is to sell their land to the richer farmers, due to the meager income obtained from a such small land area. In Central and East Java, around 25% of the total farmers who have small land area tend to transfer the farm management to the shared-cropper who do not have land, while the land owners take various non-farm jobs. In West Java, farmers who have a large land assign a small area, of around 0.4 ha, to the shared cropper in order that the shared cropper faithfully help the farm works of the land owners. High number of landless farmers and high percentage of farms of less than 0.5 ha has tended to increase the proportion of shared-cropping system.

Small farmers and shared croppers have not fully mastered the rice production technology, partly because of the rare opportunities to participate on the technology transfer program. Extension of agriculture technology is more frequently directed to richer-farmers and to contact farmers, and is rarely to poor farmers. However, the actual farm-operators are those of small scale farmers, shared croppers, and agricultural laborers. Agriculture technology transfer, therefore, is suggested to be prioritized for small scale farmers, shared croppers and farm laborers.

In order that rice production system remains sustainable, there should be an economic incentive for small scale farmers and shared croppers, in the form of guaranteed rice price during harvest, farm input subsidies, and farm’s machinery price subsidy. Neglecting small scale farmers and shared croppers may lead to the reduction of the number of rice farmers, and thus, the rice production

Sumber: Prof. Dr. Sumarno
Tanggal: 10 Febrauri 2010

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